What’s the Difference?
What is CBD?
Lately, we are seeing more and more research and stories in the news about what CBD can do to benefit health, lifestyle, and illness. But it is still a product that is often shrouded in mystery and misconceptions. This confusion can be mostly attributed to the fact that CBD can be harvested from the hemp or cannabis plant.
CBD is short for Cannabidiol, and it is one of more than 100 compounds found in these plants. It acts on the body’s Endocannabinoid system, creating physical changes in the body, which can be beneficial in many ways. In recent times, it has become increasingly understood that taking CBD oil, a product made from CBD, can have a positive influence on many aspects of life and health.
We are going to look at the argument for Hemp CBD vs Cannabis CBD. We’ll investigate the differences between the two plants and how this produces differences in the CBD oil produced—and, importantly, how these differences in CBD oil will affect those who take it.
Differences Between Hemp and Cannabis
First, let’s look at the differences between the plants that make CBD oil. To start with, the two plants look physically different, yet are both part of the 1 family of plants i.e Cannabis. This is due to the different reasons that both of them are grown. Cannabis, grown for its flowering buds for reasons of smoking or Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) extraction, are generally short and wide. Hemp, on the other hand, is tall and narrow as it is not grown for its buds. Hemp is low in THC and is often grown for a variety of purposes including the manufacture of materials.
Hemp, or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep), typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products. It is one of the fastest growing plants and was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 10,000 years ago. It can be refined into a variety of commercial items including paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, paint, insulation, biofuel, food, and animal feed.
Although cannabis as a drug and industrial hemp both derive from the species Cannabis sativa and contain the psychoactive component tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), they are distinct strains with unique phytochemical compositions and uses. Hemp has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of cannabidiol (CBD), which decreases or eliminates its psychoactive effects. The legality of industrial hemp varies widely between countries. Some governments regulate the concentration of THC and permit only hemp that is bred with an especially low THC content.
As mentioned above, Cannabis and Hemp differ in the levels of naturally occurring THC that they contain. THC is a cannabinoid-like CBD. However, its properties are very different and often antagonistic to the effects of CBD. Hemp is naturally high in CBD and low in THC; the reverse is true of cannabis. In fact, hemp contains only about 0% – 1.5% THC, while cannabis contains about 5% – 10% or more THC.
This means that the levels of THC and CBD are different in the CBD oil produced from the two plants. But what does this mean for those taking CBD oil? First, we need to look at the differences between CBD and THC and why you might want a product with more of one or the other.
THC and CBD
Let’s start by looking at THC. THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is the compound found in cannabis with psychotropic properties. Medical marijuana companies breed their plants to have the highest concentrations of this compound. It is associated with the feeling of being high that marijuana smokers experience. Effects include feelings of euphoria, pain relief and sometimes increased anxiety and paranoia.
On the other hand, CBD can be associated with many of the opposing effects of THC. CBD has been linked with the ability to reduce nausea and anxiety, anti-inflammatory and anti-psychotic properties, and even tumour fighting properties and the ability to lower levels of depression.
Research has shown that CBD can be used as an anti-anxiety remedy. And support is gathering for CBD’s role as an alternative remedy for illnesses such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis, depression and much more.
THC works on the endocannabinoid system in a different way from CBD, so although it is a similar compound, it does not have these benefits. However, research has shown that THC can have a positive influence over pain relief, PTSD, poor appetite and more.
Hemp CBD vs Cannabis CBD: Which one?
So, as discussed, the main difference when thinking of hemp CBD vs cannabis CBD are the differences in levels of CBD and THC the oil contains. Hemp has high levels of CBD and negligible levels of THC and vice versa for cannabis.
CBD has positive implications in a vast number of illnesses and has been shown to boost general health, hair and skin. Research isn’t conclusive here, although it is strong, and in the coming years, we are expecting to see more and more evidence. THC, on the other hand, can benefit other disorders but comes with drawbacks, such as the feelings of being high and possible induction of feelings of anxiety and paranoia and more.
Further to this, CBD is legal whereas THC is not. To use medical marijuana, it has to be legal in the state that you live in plus you need a doctor to prescribe it. Hemp CBD is much more accessible and can be bought from many outlets.
Hemp CBD has also been shown to be safe to use by all, children, pregnant or nursing women, and those who cannot take pharmaceutical medicines who may want to use it as an alternative remedy.
What does this mean for consumers?
Should we start searching for CBD oil obtained from marijuana, or stick with the CBD oil from hemp plants?
The short answer would be that when choosing between marijuana and hemp for CBD oil production, hemp seems to be the best option because the final product is rich in CBD and contains no THC. It’s more logical to choose the source that provides high amounts of CBD and negligible levels of THC than to opt for the plant that contains both these compounds in high amounts and then search for solutions to separate the two active principles so as to obtain a CBD oil that is non- psychoactive and without unwanted effects.
It would seem that the strong research supporting the hemp oil benefits, its safety and ease of use and purchase puts it in front of cannabis CBD when comparing the two. Whilst cannabis CBD does have its benefits, its drawbacks seem to outweigh these, and given the positives of hemp CBD and its lack of drawbacks, hemp CBD seems a clear winner.
When choosing between Hemp and Cannabis, the Hemp CBD seems to be the best most versatile option, depending on what challenges or results each individual is looking for. Each product has a beneficial role to play in our health, neither have the “magic pill to fix all”. Sometimes in certain treatments, its advisable to use both to obtain The Enterouge Effect to help with certain conditions.
Its advised, at all times, to seek qualified research and advice from health professionals you can trust for the best personal choice.
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